Government Publications on the Situation in Xinjiang

House of Commons (Canada)

Report of the Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Development &

Subcommittee on International Human Rights

"In particular, the Subcommittee was informed that the PRC government:

  • continues to detain Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims in what witnesses referred to as concentration camps, where women and girls are regularly subjected to sexual abuse and other forms of gender-based violence;

  • separates children from their families and places them in state run schools or orphanages;

  • uses invasive surveillance measures to repress Uyghurs living in Xinjiang and abroad; and

  • imposes barbaric methods to reduce Uyghur birth rates in Xinjiang, including the forced use of intrauterine contraceptive devices as well as forced and coerced sterilizations and abortions."

Parliament (United Kingdom)

Dominic Raab, The Secretary of State for Foreign, Commonwealth, and Development Affairs

"In reality, the Chinese authorities’ own publicly available documents also bear out a similar picture. They show statistical data on birth control and on security spending and recruitment in Xinjiang. They contain extensive references to coercive social measures dressed up as poverty alleviation programmes. There are leaks of classified and internal documents that have shown the guidance on how to run internment camps and lists showing how and why people have been detained.

Internment camps, arbitrary detention, political re-education, forced labour, torture and forced sterilisation —all on an industrial scale. It is truly horrific—barbarism we had hoped was lost to another era is being practised today, as we speak, in one of the leading members of the international community. We have a moral duty to respond."

Congressional Research Service (United States)

China Primer: Uyghurs

"Detentions are part of a PRC government effort to systematically transform the thought and behavior of Uyghurs and forcefully assimilate them into Chinese society, which some observers believe may result in the destruction of Uyghur culture and identity. The U.S. government has responded by implementing targeted restrictions on trade with Xinjiang and imposing visa and economic sanctions on some PRC officials."

"By some estimates, since 2017, Xinjiang authorities have arbitrarily detained between 1 million and 1.8 million Turkic and other Muslims, mostly Uyghurs and smaller numbers of ethnic Kazakhs and other groups, in “reeducation” centers."

Parliament (Lithuania)

"The Lithuanian parliament on Thursday passed a motion condemning China for what it called China’s policy of genocide against Uyghur Muslims in the northwestern Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region, becoming the latest government or legislature to make the designation.

Passing in a vote of 86 to one with seven abstentions, the resolution strongly condemned “China’s massive, systematic and grave human rights violations and crimes against humanity” in the XUAR, where more than a million ethnic Uyghurs and other Turkic Muslims have been confined in a vast network of internment camps since 2017.

The resolution further called on the U.N. to begin “a legal inquiry into the Uyghur genocide in [the] Xinjiang detention camps,” the Lithuanian LRT English-language news service reported on Thursday."